A brief history of roulette

By: Ruben Frazier    

A brief history of roulette

A brief history of roulette

Roulette wheels often look complicated to understand, but the rules are very simple. All roulette takes is deciding which number you wish to place your bet on. The roulette wheel is spun to start a small white ball to move around the wheel, where the ball lands is the winning number.

The Wheel
A roulette wheel has an 'inside' and 'outside' section of the wheel, and there are 11 varieties of bets you can place. Numbers go from 0 to 36 and 00 if using an American roulette wheel. The numbers are divided into black and red numbers alternatively. You can choose to simply place your wager on one number, or a choice of numbers up to six numbers on the inside.

Bets can also be placed on all even or odd numbers, all black numbers or all red numbers, all numbers 18 or below (low numbers), or all numbers above 18 (high numbers). There are also numerical and column bets that can be placed allowing you to choose a row of numbers.

Brief history of Roulette

Roulette dates itself as far back as 18th century as one of the most popular games for leisure and gambling. Originating in Europe, in Paris as early as the 1700s, in Paris, the game of roulette became a popular past time and has evolved over the centuries. The earliest notation of the game comes from Jaques Lablee who notes the explains the game play of Roulette in a novel named 'La Roulette, ou le Jour'.  

Roulette then followed around Europe with a few men from Paris who wished to spread the game. Germany became a the first city to alter the roulette wheel to compete with fellow casinos in Europe and in Germany. This is where the variations of the two styles of roulette wheels derive from. There is a single zero wheel, and a double zero wheel. The single zero wheel began in Germany in the 1800s, and became infamous in Europe as the standard roulette wheel.

Following the success in Germany, roulette began to continue its success by spreading across Europe and eventually reaching the United States. It has become one of the world's most popular and cherished casino games, often referred to as 'The King' of casino games. However, because of this widespread success for a period of time roulette was abolished in Germany and across much of Europe. Monte Carlo became a refuge for those seeking to play roulette, as it was the last legal place in Europe to have a casino. The two variations of roulette wheel started to become dominant in different areas during this time.

The double zero wheel developed in America to stop cheating that occurred with the gamblers and even the people operating the roulette wheel. Whilst the French game of roulette using the single zero wheel evolved in Monte Carlo, the double zero wheel of roulette travelled around America. Last Vegas became the hometown for gambling and roulette, making Monte Carlo and Las Vegas the predominant cities for gambling worldwide. However, the end of the 20th century saw the game spread worldwide, and explains why roulette is so success around the world and still remains dominant in Las Vegas and Monte Carlo even today.


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