A Brief Guide to the Game of Roulette

By: Ruben Frazier    

The Game of Roulette been played

Roulette game in full swing

The word "Roulette" is derived from a French word meaning small wheel, but he origin of Roulette is not hugely clear. Some sources suggest that Blaise Pascal, a 17th Century French mathematician invented the roulette wheel, where as other sources state that the game originated in China and was brought to Europe by Dominican monks who were trading with the Chinese at the time.

How roulette developed
During the late 18th century the Roulette wheel became very popular when Prince Charles ruler of Monaco at the time introduced gambling to Monaco as a way of alleviating the financial burdens of the region.

However, the modern version of the Roulette wheel did not appear until 1842 when two French bothers Francois and Louis Blanc invented the single "0" roulette game. The game was eventually introduced to America in the early 1800s.

The single "0" modification was adapted in America and two zeros "00" where added to the Roulette wheel. The game of Roulette gained a great deal of popularity in America during the California Gold Rush.

There are two types of Roulette Games.

European Roulette - The European Roulette Wheel contains 37 numbers including 0 and 1 to 36. Having only one zero (0) gives the house a 2.70 per cent advantage. In other words, for every $100 a gambler bets, the house will make $2.70 in profit.

American Roulette - The American Roulette Wheel contains 38 numbers including 0, 00 and 1 to 36. Having two zeros (0, 00) gives the house a 5.26 per cent advantage. In other words, for every $100 a gambler bets, the house will make $5.26 in profit.

Playing Roulette
After purchasing chips from the dealer, the player places them on the desired positions on the table in an attempt to predict where the ball will land after the wheel is spun and the ball comes to a complete stop.

Once the chips are placed on the table and the bets are made, the dealer spins the Roulette wheel whilst spinning the ball in the opposite direction inside the Roulette wheel. Players are allowed to continue placing bets during the spin until the dealer says "No more bets".

When the wheel slows down and the ball drops into one of the numbered slots, the dealer places a marker on the winning number on the Roulette table. Players who bet on the winning number or colour are rewarded whilst the players who bet on the losing numbers or colour lose their chips to the casino.

Roulette continues to be one of the most popular classic casino games, especially in Europe. This is due to the fact that European Roulette has only one zero and as a result offers a more appealing house edge to players.


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